At the 1985 annual meeting in Washington, D. C., the CSA adopted a motion by Stanley Winters to create an award to be given every two years for an outstanding article published by a member of the Czechoslovak History Conference, now the Czechoslovak Studies Association. It was later determined to name the award in honor of Stanley Z. Pech.

Latest Prize Competition Rules Past Prizewinners

2008 PECH PRIZE COMPETITION (Articles published in 2006-2007)


Sheilagh Ogilvie, “‘So that Every Subject Knows How to Behave’: Social Disciplining in Early Modern Bohemia,” Comparative Studies in Society & History, vol. 48, no. 1 (January 2006): 38-78.

In the article, Ogilvie investigates the applicability of the theory of “social disciplining”—which links authorities’ attempts to regulate people’s private lives to the emergence of the early modern capitalist state in Europe—to east-central and eastern Europe, where “refeudalization” or the “second serfdom” put most of the control over private subjects into the hands of noble landlords rather than the rationalizing state and where the development of capitalist market conditions was deliberately impeded by these same landlords. Ogilvie moves beyond the confrontation of western theory with eastern realities, however, because, as she eloquently argues, the “very general comparative questions with wide-ranging implications for our understanding of early modern European society” generated by this confrontation “cannot be satisfactorily addressed using evidence generated at a similar level of generality” (39).

For her micro-study of social disciplining, Ogilvie analyzes a unique data source, a set of manorial ordinances and manorial court records, both covering most of the seventeenth century for the large Bohemian estate of Friedland/Frýdlant. This data allows Ogilvie to compare details of regulation to details of actual enforcement, and thus to confront the theory of social disciplining, often based on only the regulatory evidence, with actual disciplinary practice. She thus addresses the unresolved conflict in discussions of social disciplining over whether the regulatory initiatives had any real effect, while drawing important distinctions between western and eastern Europe.

Ogilvie finds that regulations in Friedland/Frýdlant were selectively enforced, and that whatever the modernizing and rationalizing intentions of those who wrote the regulations, they were enforced only when that best served the interests of two institutions with feudal roots, the manor and the peasant commune. This brief summary can hardly do justice to the subtlety of her arguments and her thoughtful, creative analysis of an impressive cache of research materials. Her conclusions promise to generate vibrant debate and her approach has the potential to transform the discussion of social disciplining, compelling it to become more grounded in enforcement data and thus better contextualized. She shows how scholars in our field can remain sensitive to the peculiarities of our region while engaging with larger, European issues and debates. We are very pleased, therefore, to award this article the 2008 Pech Prize.

David Cooper
Carol Leff
Chad Bryant



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The next Pech Prize competition will be held in 2010, accepting articles published in 2008 and 2009.

The rules for the award are:

  1. The amount of the prize shall be determined by the President of the Czechoslovak History Conference with the concurrence of the Executive Committee within three months after the biennial election of officers.
  2. Essays submitted shall have been published or accepted for publication in a professional journal or a volume of essays and shall deal with topics of the peoples of Czechoslovakia within and without its historical boundaries.
  3. Other things being equal, the prize judges shall give preference to essays by recent Ph.D.s over others.
  4. Candidates for the prize may be identified by author self nomination, submission by a Czechoslovak History Conference member, or by members of the Stanley Z. Pech Prize Committee, with the criterion for eligibility being the author's membership in the Czechoslovak History Conference.
  5. The President of the Czechoslovak History Conference shall, within three months of his/her election, appoint a Prize Committee of three members, including one member that he/she shall designate as chairperson, which Committee shall evaluate the submitted essays and transmit their decision to the President for announcement and presentation of the Prize at the next annual meeting of the Czechoslovak History Conference.
  6. One prize only shall be awarded and the name of the recipient shall be the only one to be made public, subject to the decision of the Committee.


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Peter Bugge, "The Making of a Slovak City The Czechoslovak Renaming of Pressburg/Pozsony/Presporok, 1918–19," Austrian History Yearbook 35 (2004): 205-227.

Bruce R. Berglund, “Building a Church for a New Age: The Search for a Modern Catholic Art in Turn-of-the-century Central Europe,” Centropa, vol. 3 no. 3 (September 2003): 225-240.
Katherine David-Fox, “Prague-Vienna, Prague-Berlin: The Hidden Geography of Czech Modernism" in Slavic Review, 59, no. 4 (Winter 2000) 735-760.
Karl F. Bahm, “Beyond the Bourgeoisie: Rethinking Nation, Culture and Modernity in Nineteenth-Century Central Europe,” in Austrian History Yearbook, 29, part 1 (1998) 19-35.
Igor Lukes, “The Slansky Affair: New Evidence,” in Slavic Review, 58, no. 1 (Spring 1999) 160-187.
Anna Drabek, “Die Frage der Unterrichtssprache im Königreich Böhmen im Zeitalter der Aufklärung,” in Österreichische Osthelfte 38 (1996) 329-355.
Claire Nolte, “Our Brothers Across the Ocean: The Czech Sokol in America to 1914,” in Czechoslovak and Central European Journal, 2, no. 2 (Winter 1993) 15-37.
 Hillel Kieval, "The Social Vision of Bohemian Jews: Intellectuals and Community in the 1840s" in Jonathan Frankel and Steven J. Zipperstein , eds., Assimilation and Community: The Jews in Nineteenth-Century Europe, Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Owen V. Johnson, “Newspapers and Nation-building: The Slovak Press in Pre-1918
Slovakia,” in Hans Lemberg et al, eds., Bildungsgeschichte, Bevölkerungsgeschichte, Gesellschaftsgeschichte in den Böhmischen Ländern und Europa, Vienna: Verlag für Geschichte und Politik, 1988, pp. 160-78.
Kevin F. McDermott, “Dependence or Independence?  Relations between the Red Unions and the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, 1922-1929,” in Stanislav J. Kirschbaum, ed., East European History.  Selected Papers of the Third World Congress for Soviet and East European Studies, Columbus, OH: Slavica Publishers, 1988, pp. 157-83.