Kevin Milligan - Research Kevin Milligan ~ Vancouver School of Economics ~ University of British Columbia



Google Scholar profile
here.

Research

[CV] [Active Working Papers] [Refereed Journal Articles] [Non-Refereed Journal Articles] [Book Chapters] [Other Publications] [Retired Working Papers] [Media Contributions] [Computer Code]

CV

CV with my own formatting:
(PDF) (Dec 2016)
Official UBC CV: (PDF) (Apr 2016) (Very detailed; for administrative purposes.)

Active Working Papers

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"Acculturation, Education, and Gender Roles: Evidence from Canada," with Anke S. Kessler.
Draft, May, 2017. Details

"The health and capacity to work of older men and women in Canada," with Tammy Schirle.
Laurier Centre for Economic Research & Policy Analysis Working Paper No. 2016-3, August, 2016. (Updated May 2017.) Details

"Push and Pull: Disability Insurance, Regional Labor Markets, and Benefit Generosity in Canada and the United States" with Tammy Schirle.
NBER Working Paper No. 23405, May 2017. Details

"From Theory to Practice: Canadian Economists' Contributions to Public Finance," with Bev Dahlby.
Draft, March, 2017. Details

"Child Cash Benefits and Family Expenditures: Evidence from the National Child Benefit" with Lauren E. Jones and Mark Stabile.
NBER Working Paper No. 21101, April 2015. Details

"An Estimable Model of Income Redistribution in a Federation: Musgrave meets Oates," with Michael Smart
Draft, December 2016 Details

"Non-Cognitive Deficits and Young Adult Outcomes: The Long-Run Impacts of a Universal Child Care Program ," with Michael Baker and Jonathan Gruber.
NBER Working Paper No. 21571, September 2015. Details

"Child Cash Benefits and Family Expenditures: Evidence from the National Child Benefit" with Lauren E. Jones and Mark Stabile.
NBER Working Paper No. 21101, April 2015. Details

Refereed Journal Articles

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"Boy-Girl Differences in Parental Time Investments: Evidence from Three Countries," with Michael Baker.
Journal of Human Capital, Vol. 10, No. 4 (2016), pp. 399-441. Details

"Taxation and Top Incomes in Canada," with Michael Smart
Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 48, No. 2 (2015), pp. 655-681. Details

"Health and Work at Older Ages: Using Mortality to Assess Employment Capacity Across Countries," with David A. Wise.
Journal of Population Ageing, Vol. 8, No. 1-2 (2015), pp. 27-50. Details

"Maternity Leave and Children's Cognitive and Behavioral Development," with Michael Baker
Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 28, No. 2 (2015), pp. 373-391. Details

"Incomes and hardship Among Non-Working Older Canadians"
Canadian Journal on Aging, Vol. 34, No. 1 (2015), pp. 1-13. Details

"How is hardship avoided by those retiring before the Social Security entitlement age?"
Journal of Pension Economics and Finance, Vol. 13, No. 4 (2014), pp. 420-438. Details

"The Road to Egalitaria: Sex Differences in Employment for Parents of Young Children"
CESifo Economic Studies, Vol. 60, No. 2 (2014), pp. 257-279. Details

"Son Preference and the Persistence of Culture: Evidence from South and East Asian Immigrants to Canada" with Douglas Almond and Lena Edlund
Population and Development Review, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 75-95 (2013). Details

"Canadian Inequality: Recent Developments and Policy Options" with Nicole Fortin, David Green, Thomas Lemieux, and Craig Riddell.
Canadian Public Policy, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 121-145 (2012). Details

"Do Child Tax Benefits Affect the Wellbeing of Children? Evidence from Canadian Child Benefit Expansions," with Mark Stabile.
American Economic Journal--Economic Policy,Vol. 3, No. 3 (August 2011), pp. 175-205. Details

"Evidence from maternity leave expansions of the impact of maternal care on early child development," with Michael Baker,
Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 1-32 (Winter 2010). Details

"Taxes, Transfers, and Canadian Income Inequality" with Marc Frenette and David Green.
Canadian Public Policy, Vol. 35, No. 4 (December 2009), pp. 389-411. Details

"The Report of the Expert Panel on Older Workers: How should public pensions be improved?" with Michael Baker.
Canadian Public Policy, Vol. 35, No. 4 (December 2009), pp. 493-498. Details

"How household portfolios evolve after retirement: The effect of aging and health shocks" with Courtney Coile,
Review of Income and Wealth, Vol. 55, No. 2 (June 2009). (Winner, 2009 Kendrick Prize Award.) Details

"The evolution of elderly poverty in Canada,"
Canadian Public Policy, Vol. 34, No. 4 (November 2008). Details

"Campaign Spending Limits, Incumbent Spending, and Election Outcomes," with Marie Rekkas,
Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 41, No. 4, (November, 2008). (Winner, 2008 Harry Johnson Prize.) Details

"How does job-protected maternity leave affect mothers' employment?" with Michael Baker
Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 26, No. 4 (October 2008). Details

"Improving the Labour Market Incentives of Canada's Public Pensions," with Tammy Schirle,
Canadian Public Policy, Vol. 34, No. 3 (September 2008). Details

"Universal childcare, maternal labor supply, and family well-being" with Michael Baker and Jonathan Gruber
Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 116, No. 4, (August 2008), pp. 709-745. (Winner, 2009 Doug Purvis Memorial Prize.) Details

"Maternal Employment, Breastfeeding, and Health, " with Michael Baker,
Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 27, No. 4, (July 2008), pp. 871-887. Details

"Incentive effects of social assistance: A regression discontinuity approach," with Thomas Lemieux,
Journal of Econometrics , Vol. 142, No. 2 (February 2008), pp. 807-828. Details

"The tale of the tails: Canadian Income Inequality in the 1980s and 1990s" with Marc Frenette and David Green.
Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 40, No. 3 (August 2007), pp. 734-764. Details

"The integration of child tax credits and welfare: Evidence from the Canadian National Child Benefit program" with Mark Stabile,
Journal of Public Economics , Vol. 91, No. 1-2 (February, 2007), pp. 305-326. Details

"Lifecycle Asset Accumulation and Allocation in Canada,"
Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 38, No. 3 (August, 2005), pp. 1057-1106. Details

"Subsidizing the Stork: New Evidence on Tax Incentives and Fertility"
Review of Economics and Statistics Vol. 87, No. 3 (August, 2005), pp. 539-555. Details

"Does Education Improve Citizenship? Evidence from the U.S. and the U.K." with Enrico Moretti and Philip Oreopoulos,
Journal of Public Economics Vol. 88, No. 9-10 (August, 2004), pp. 1667-1695. Details

"The Retirement Incentive Effects of Canada's Income Security Programs" with Michael Baker and Jonathan Gruber,
Canadian Journal of Economics , Vol. 36, No. 2 (May, 2003), pp. 261-290. Details

"How Do Contribution Limits Affect Contributions to Tax-Preferred Savings Accounts?"
Journal of Public Economics Vol. 87, No. 2 (February 2003), pp. 253-281. Details

"Tax-preferred Savings Accounts and Marginal Tax Rates: Evidence on RRSP Participation,"
Canadian Journal of Economics Vol. 35 (August, 2002), pp. 436-456. Details

Non-Refereed Journal Articles

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"Finances of the Nation: The Tax Recognition of Children in Canada: Exemptions, Credits, and Cash Transfers"
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 64, No. 3 (2016). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Policy Forum: Editor's Introduction--Taxation of the Financial Sector"
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 64, No. 2 (2016), pp. 371-372. (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"The Growth of Government in Canada: A 21st-Century Perspective"
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 63, No. 3 (2015). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Policy Forum: Editors' Introduction--Targeted Tax Credits" with Tim Edgar
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 63, No. 4 (2015). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Policy Forum: Editors' Introduction--Taxation of Small Business" with Tim Edgar
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 63, No. 3 (2015). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Policy Forum: Editor's Introduction--Resource Taxation"
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 63, No. 2 (2015). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Policy Forum: Editors' Introduction--Addressing Base Erosion and Profit Shifting" with Tim Edgar
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 62, No. 2 (2014). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Policy Forum: Editors' Introduction--The First-Time Donor Tax Credit" with Tim Edgar
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 61, No. 4 (2013). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Policy Forum: Editor's Introduction--Income Splitting"
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 61, No. 3 (2013). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Policy Forum: Editor's Introduction--Recent Developments in US Tax Policy"
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 61, No. 2 (2013). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Policy Forum: Editor's Introduction--Carbon Taxation and Related Policy Options"
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 60, No. 4 (2012). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Policy Forum: Editor's Introduction--Financing Higher Education"
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 60, No. 3 (2012). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"The Tax Free Savings Account: Introduction to the Policy Forum and Simulations of Potential Revenue Costs"
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 60, No. 2 (2012). (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Policy Forum: Editor's Introduction-Drawing Lessons for Tax Policy from British Columbia's HST Referendum"
Canadian Tax Journal, Vol. 60, No. 1 (2012), pp. 101-102. (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"The design of tax policy in Canada: thoughts prompted by Richard Blundell's 'Empirical evidence and tax policy design'"
Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 44, No. 4 (November 2011), pp. 1184-1194. (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"The importance of the Long Form Census to Canada," with David Green.
Canadian Public Policy, Vol. 36, No. 3 (September 2010), pp. 383-388. (Solicited commentary; not refereed.) Details

"Child benefits, maternal employment, and children's health: Evidence from Canadian child benefit expansions," with Mark Stabile.
American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings Vol. 99, No. 2 (May 2009), pp. 128-132. (Conference proceedings; not refereed.) Details

"Some Considerations for Empirical Research on Tax Preferred Savings Accounts"
National Tax Association Proceedings, 95th Annual Conference 2002, (2003), pp. 278-282. (Conference proceedings; not refereed.) Details

Book Chapters

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"Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: The Capacity to Work at Older Ages--Introduction and Summary," with Courtney Coile and David A. Wise
in David A. Wise (ed.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: The Capacity to Work at Older Ages. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. Details

"Health Capacity to Work at Older Ages: Evidence from the U.S. with Courtney Coile and David A. Wise
in David A. Wise (ed.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: The Capacity to Work at Older Ages. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. Details

"Health Capacity to Work at Older Ages: Evidence from Canada," with Tammy Schirle
in David A. Wise (ed.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: The Capacity to Work at Older Ages. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. Details

"The Progressivity of the Canadian Personal Income Tax,"
in Dahlby, Bev (ed.) Reform of the Personal Income Tax in Canada. Toronto: Canadian Tax Foundation, 2016. Details

"Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement--Introduction and Summary," with Courtney Coile and David A. Wise
in David A. Wise (ed.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016. Details

"Option Value of Disability Insurance in Canada," with Tammy Schirle,
in David A. Wise (ed.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016. Details

"Provincial Taxation of High Incomes: What are the Impacts on Equity and Tax Revenue?" with Michael Smart
In David A. Green, W. Craig Riddell, and France St.-Hilaire (eds.) Income Inequality: The Canadian Story. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press (2016). Details

"A comparison of micro and macro expenditure measures across countries using differing survey methods" with Garry Barrett and Peter Levell,
in Christopher Carroll Thomas Crossley, and John Sabelhaus (eds.) Improving the measurement of expenditure measures. forthcoming NBER-CRIW conference volume. Details

"Introduction" with David A. Wise,
in David A. Wise (ed.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Historial Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. Details

"Disability Insurance Programs in Canada" with Michael Baker,
in David A. Wise (ed.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Historial Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. Details

"The Long-Run Growth of Disability Insurance in the United States"
in David A. Wise (ed.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Historial Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. Details

"Introduction and Summary" with Jonathan Gruber and David A. Wise,
in Jonathan Gruber and David A. Wise (eds.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. Details

"The interaction of youth and elderly labor markets in Canada" with Michael Baker and Jonathan Gruber,
in Jonathan Gruber and David A. Wise (eds.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. Details

"Do Elderly Workers Substitute for Younger Workers in the United States?" with Jonathan Gruber,
in Jonathan Gruber and David A. Wise (eds.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. Details

"What have four Conservative budgets done to personal income taxes?"
in Charles M. Beach, Bev Dahlby, and Paul A. R. Hobson (eds.) The 2009 Federal Budget. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2010. Details

"Working while receiving a pension: Will double dipping change the elderly labour market?" with Tammy Schirle,
in Michael G. Abbott, Charles M. Beach, Robin W. Boadway, and James G. MacKinnon (eds.) Retirement Policy Issues in Canada. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2008. Details

"Simulating the Response to Reform of Canada's Income Security System," with Michael Baker and Jonathan Gruber,
in David A. Wise and Jonathan Gruber (eds.) Social Security and Retirement Around the World: Fiscal Implications. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007. Details

"Of Beer and Popcorn: Federal Policy on Childcare and Child Benefits,"
in Charles M. Beach, Michael Smart, and Thomas A. Wilson (eds.) The 2006 Federal Budget: Rethinking Fiscal Priorities. McGill-Queen's University Press, 2007. Details

"Who Uses RESPs and Why,"
in Charles M. Beach, Robin W. Boadway and R. Marvin McInnis (eds.) Higher Education in Canada, pp. 467-494. McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005. Details

"Income Security Programs and Retirement in Canada," with Michael Baker and Jonathan Gruber,
in Jonathan Gruber and David Wise (eds.) Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Micro Estimation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004. Details

Other Publications

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"Fiscal Options for Building a Prosperous British Columbia "
Business Council of British Columiba. July, 2016. Details

"The Pressing Question: Does CPP Expansion Help Low Earners," with Tammy Schirle.
C.D. Howe Institute e-brief 241 July, 2016. Details

"How do families who receive the CCTB and NCB spend the money?," with Lauren Jones and Mark Stabile.
Martin Prosperity Institute Research Paper April 20, 2015. Details

"Tax Policy for a New Era: Promoting Economic Growth and Fairness"
C.D. Howe Institute Benefactors' Lecture. November, 2014. Details

"Simulated Replacement Rates for CPP Reform Options," with Tammy Schirle.
University of Calgary School of Public Policy Research Papers, Vol. 7, Issue 7, March 2014. Details

"Get Better Data: Response to 'The Decline of Canadian Economics',"
Policy Options, Volume 34, No. 8, p. 71, November-December 2013. Details

"A reset for the child tax benefit system,"
Inroads Journal, Issue 34, Fall 2013. Details

"Income Inequality and Income Taxation in Canada: Trends in the Census 1980-2005,"
University of Calgary School of Public Policy Research Papers, Vol. 6, Issue 24, August 2013. Details

"Meanwhile, in the rest of Canada...,"
Policy Options, Volume 34, No. 5, p. 48-51, June 2013. Details

"How are Changes to Canada Pension Plan Adjustment Factors Affecting Retirement Incentives?" with Alexandre Laurin and Tammy Schirle.
C.D. Howe Institute Commentary 352. May 2012. Details

"Comment"
Discussion of Crossley, Thomas F., Carl Emmerson, and Andrew Leicester (2012) Raising Household Savings. London: The British Academy Details

"Government and Retirement Incomes in Canada," with Michael Baker,
Prepared for the Council of Federal, Provincial, and Territorial Finance Ministers. November 2009. Details

"Time for a Tune up: Personal Income Taxation in Western Canada",
Canada West Foundation, March 2009. Details

"Countering the impact of a potential recession: What can federal fiscal policy do?",
in Roger Gibbins, Jacques Marcil, and Robert Roach (eds.) Taking Action on the Economy: Advice from Western Canada, Canada West Foundation, December 2008. Details

"Canada's Rich and Poor: Moving in Opposite Directions" with David Green,
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, February 2007. Details

"What Happens to Household Portfolios After Retirement?" with Courtney Coile,
Center for Retirement Research Issue Brief No. 56, November, 2006. Details

"Public Pensions and Retirement: International Evidence in the Canadian Context," with Tammy Schirle,
Skills Research Initiative Working Paper No. 2006-A13, 2006. Details

"What can we learn from Quebec's universal childcare program?" with Michael Baker and Jonathan Gruber,
C.D. Howe Institute e-brief 25, February, 2006. Details

"Making it pay to work: Improving the incentives in Canada's Public Pension system",
Commentary 218, C.D. Howe Institute. October, 2005. Details

"Tax Preferences for Education Savings: Are RESPs Effective?"
Commentary 174, C.D. Howe Institute. November, 2002. Details

"Quebec's Baby Bonus: Can Public Policy Raise Fertility?"
Backgrounder, C.D. Howe Institute. January, 2002. Details

"What's the cost of the foreign property limit in Canada's pension rules?" with Michael Smart,
Policy Options Vol. 21 (March, 2000), pp. 36-40. Details

Retired Working Papers

[
Back to top] These papers are not under review at any journal and I have no plans to revise them further.

"How Do Public Pensions Affect Retirement Incomes and Expenditures? Evidence over Five Decades from Canada," with David A. Wise
NBER Retirement Research Center Paper No. NB 13-Q1, December, 2013. Details

"Devolution of the Revolution: Taxation of High Incomes in a Federation," with Michael Smart
Draft, September 2013. Details

"The Retirement Income System and the Risks Faced by Canadian Seniors" with Tammy Schirle
CLSRN Working Paper No. 120, April, 2013. Details

"Retirement Income Security and Wellbeing in Canada" with Michael Baker and Jonathan Gruber
NBER Working Paper No. 14667, January, 2009. Details

"Regional Grants as Pork-Barrel Politics," with Michael Smart,
CES-ifo Working Paper No. 1453, March 2005. Details

"Do inter-district spillovers affect pork-barrel spending? Theory and evidence"
Manuscript, October, 2003. Details

"Restricting Foreign Investment: Estimating the Costs of Canada's Foreign Property Rule," with Michael Smart,
Manuscript, January, 2000. Details

"Capital Gains Taxation: Recent Empirical Evidence," with Jack Mintz and Thomas A. Wilson,
September, 1999. Prepared for the Heward Stikeman Institute. Details

"Do Tax-Sheltered Savings Crowd Out Other Savings? Implications, Evidence, and Explanations," August, 1998.
Prepared for the Department of Finance. Details

"Savings and Tax Incentives: Semiparametric Estimation of the Household Savings Impact of RRSPs,"
July, 1998. Details

"Present Value Tax Expenditure Estimate of Tax Assistance for Retirement Saving," with Ian Pomroy,
June, 1998. Prepared for the Department of Finance. Details

Media Contributions

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Maclean's Econowatch Contributor, 2013- : link.

Globe and Mail Economy Lab Contributor, 2010-2013: Link.

Popular writing on 'Basic Income', 2010-2016. here.

Popular writing on Canada Pension Plan, 2012-2015. here.

"Putting numbers on inequality" with Nicole Fortin, David Green, Thomas Lemieux, and Craig Riddell.
Vancouver Sun, December 14, 2011. PDF.

"The top one per cent aren't all financiers" with Nicole Fortin, David Green, Thomas Lemieux, and Craig Riddell.
Vancouver Sun, December 15, 2011. PDF.

"The forces that are driving inequality" with Nicole Fortin, David Green, Thomas Lemieux, and Craig Riddell.
Vancouver Sun, December 16, 2011. PDF.

"Redressing inequality with taxes" with Nicole Fortin, David Green, Thomas Lemieux, and Craig Riddell.
Vancouver Sun, December 17, 2011. PDF.
"Ninety-one Economists Rally Behind HST" with Jock Finlayson
Vancouver Sun, July 5, 2011. PDF.

"Ninety-one Economists Rally Behind HST" with Jock Finlayson
Vancouver Sun, July 5, 2011. PDF.

"Will the HST deliver lower prices to consumers?"
Vancouver Sun, May 28, 2010. PDF.

"Counterpoint: Canada needs the budget office,"
National Post, July 18, 2009. PDF.

"The RESP bill is bad tax policy and even worse education policy,"
The Globe and Mail, March 11, 2008, p. A15. PDF.

Computer Code

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Income Splitting Simulator here.

Candian Tax and Credit Simulator (CTaCS) package here.
SHS Stata input files here.
NBER-ISS Stata code here.
LFS Stata input files here.


kevin.milligan@ubc.ca ~ Home Page ~ Vancouver School of Economics ~ UBC