The Long-Run Impacts of a Universal Child Care Program Kevin Milligan ~ Vancouver School of Economics ~ University of British Columbia

The Long-Run Impacts of a Universal Child Care Program

with Michael Baker and Jonathan Gruber.
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, accepted.
NBER Working Paper No. 21571


Past research documents the persistence of positive impacts of early-life interventions on non cognitive skills. We test the symmetry of this finding by studying the persistence of a sizeable negative shock to non cognitive outcomes arising with the introduction of universal child care in Quebec. We find that the negative effects on non cognitive outcomes persisted to school ages, and also that cohorts with increased child care access had worse health, lower life satisfaction, and higher crime rates later in life. Our results reinforce previous evidence of the central role of the early childhood environment for long-run success.


Final draft: November, 2018:

NBER Working Paper No. 21571, September 2015:

Presentation Slides (January 2016)

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