Do Child Tax Benefits Affect the Wellbeing of Children? Evidence from Canadian Child Benefit Expansions Kevin Milligan ~ Vancouver School of Economics ~ University of British Columbia

Do Child Tax Benefits Affect the Wellbeing of Children? Evidence from Canadian Child Benefit Expansions

with Mark Stabile.
American Economic Journal--Economic Policy, Vol. 3, No. 3 (August, 2011), pp. 175-205.
Google Scholar entry.

Abstract:

We exploit changes in child benefits in Canada to study the impact of family income on child and family well-being. Using variation in child benefits across province, time, and family type, we study outcomes spanning test scores, mental health, physical health, and deprivation measures. The findings suggest that child benefit programs had significant positive effects on test scores, maternal health, and mental health, among other measures. We find strong and interesting differences in the effects of benefits by child sex: benefits have stronger effects on educational outcomes and physical health for boys, and on mental health outcomes for girls. (JEL I12, I31, I38, J13)

Versions:

Published version, August, 2011: DOI.

VOXEU Policy Summary, May 15, 2009: link.

Revised Draft, December, 2010: PDF.

NBER Working Paper No. 14624, December, 2008: Abstract/Paper.


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