The Road to Egalitaria: Sex Differences in Employment for Parents of Young Children Kevin Milligan ~ Vancouver School of Economics ~ University of British Columbia

The Road to Egalitaria: Sex Differences in Employment for Parents of Young Children

CESifo Economic Studies Vol. 60, No. 4, pp. 257-279. June 2014.
Google Scholar entry.

Abstract:

In 1985, Gary Becker predicted employment and childcare sex gaps may "disappear or be greatly attenuated in the near future." In this paper, I examine trends in the employment gap between mothers and fathers of young children over the last forty years. I review theoretical explanations for the gap, then proceed to analyze the gap empirically in data for Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany. Substantial closing of the gap in the 1970s and 1980s was followed by stability since then. Evidence from Canada finds childcare subsidies have a bigger impact on the gap than parental leave.

Versions:

Published version, June 2014: DOI.

Pre-publication draft, January, 2014: PDF.


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