| I work primarily in philosophy of psychology/cognitive science, and more generally, philosophy of mind. In recent years, I have increasingly focused on perceptual and affective consciousness. My current research involves developing a theory of sensory affect that would also illuminate perceptual consciousness. I have also been working on a book project developing an information-theoretic (but internalist) account of perceptual consciousness and its introspection with phenomenal concepts with an aim to show how to properly respond to various recent anti-physicalist arguments.
Short Bio: I received my B.A in philosophy in 1986 from (formerly, ) in , and my doctoral degree from (UMCP) in 1993. After spending one and a half years at , , as a visiting scholar, I moved to the in October 1994 as an assistant professor. Between 2001 and 2007, I was an associate professor in the
at the . Since July 2007, I have been a professor in the at .
Here is an listing (mostly) philosophical works on pain.
Some recent works:
- "A Contemporary Account of Sensory Pleasure". This is a bit revised and slightly longer version of a chapter that will appear in Pleasure: A History, edited by Lisa Shapiro (Oxford University Press).
- Abstract. Some sensations are pleasant, some unpleasant, and some are neither. Furthermore, those that are pleasant or unpleasant are so to different degrees. In this essay, I explore what kind of a difference is the difference between these three kinds of sensations. I develop a comprehensive three-level account of sensory pleasure that is simultaneously adverbialist, functionalist and is also a version of an experiential-desire account.
- "Reasons and Theories of Sensory Affect" (with Matt Fulkerson). To appear in The Nature of Pain edited by David Bain, Michael Brady and Jennifer Corns. (It was originally written for a symposium on sensory affect at the 2014 Pacific APA meeting in San Diego.)
Some sensory experiences are pleasant, some unpleasant. This is a truism. But understanding what makes these experiences pleasant and unpleasant is not an easy job. Various difficulties and puzzles arise as soon as we start theorizing. There are various philosophical theories on offer that seem to give different accounts for the positive or negative affective valences of sensory experiences. In this paper, we will look at the current state of art in the philosophy of mind, present the main contenders, critically compare and contrast them. In particular, we want to examine how they handle the reason-giving power of affective states. We will look into two representationalist proposals (Evaluativism and Imperativism) and a functionalist proposal, and argue that, contrary to their own advertisements, the representationalist proposals don’t have good accounts of why and how sensory affect can motivate, rationalize, and justify subsequent behavior and intentional mental activity. We will show that our own functionalist proposal does a much better job in this regard, and that when the representationalist proposals are modified to do a better job, they fare better not because of their representationalist credentials but due to their functionalist ones.
- "How to Unify Theories of Sensory Pleasure: An Adverbialist Proposal," Review of Philosophy
5(1): 119-133, 2014. [Here is a slightly longer & revised version, January 2014]
- "Affect: Representationalists' Headache" (with Matt Fulkerson), Philosophical Studies, 170(2): 175-198, 2014.
- "Language of Thought Hypothesis" in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Sept 2010; new revised version coming soon)
- "" [PDF] Journal of Philosophy, October 2009.
- "Pain" in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (May 2009; new revised version coming soon)
- "" [PDF] (with ) in Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition edited by Philip Robbins & Murat Aydede, Cambridge University Press, 2009.
- (MIT Press, 2007) [HTML]. , 2008.01.02.
- "" [PDF] (with Güven Güzeldere). .
Working drafts: (Send me an email for a copy of the final versions.)
- "Defending the IASP Definition of 'Pain'," penultimate draft of an article that will appear in a special issue of The Monist (written for an interdisciplinary audience -- please consult the final version for reference).
- "Pain: Perception or Introspection?" [penultimate version] to appear in The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Pain, edited by Jennifer Corns.
Abstract. I present the perceptualist/representationalist theories of pain in broad outline and critically examine them in light of a competing view according to which awareness of pain is essentially introspective. I end the essay with a positive sketch of a naturalistic proposal according to which pain experiences are intentional but not fully representational. This proposal makes sense of locating pains in body parts as well as taking pains as subjective experiences.
- "Is the Pain Experience Transparent? Introspecting Phenomenal Qualities"
(Comments would be appreciated!)
Abstract. I distinguish between two claims of transparency of experiences. One claim is weaker and supported by phenomenological evidence. This I call the Transparency Datum (TD). Pain experiences are consistent with TD. I formulate a stronger transparency thesis (ST) that is entailed by (strong) representationalism about phenomenology. I argue that pain experiences (as well as some other similar experiences) are not transparent in this strong sense. Hence I argue that representationalism is false. Then, I outline a framework about how the introspection of phenomenal qualities works in light of TD, but consistent with the rejection of ST. The result is a form of qualia realism that is naturalist and intentionalist (weak representationalist), and has close affinities to the adverbialist views developed in the latter part of the last century.
- "Do Pains and Pleasures Have Only Instrumental Value?"
- "How to Combine Qualia Realism with Intentionalism about Perception"
- "Secondary Qualities and the Grain Problem"
- "" incomplete rough working draft (comments are welcome).
[Click for (almost) a complete list of my works with abstracts]
(co-editor with )
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